Skip to main content

Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

See other formats

munist order in Poland,, no reference to the incorporation of the latter's
Western provinces into the Soviet Union. On the contrary. Free Poland
expressed the opinion of the average national e capitalist * Polish paper,
but with a deification (normal to the Soviet Press) of Stalin as a ruler.
Writing under the guidance of Soviet rnentorship, the Editors of Free
Poland claimed that they alone, stood for the policy of active resistance
to the Germans. The names of great Polish patriots, particularly that of
Kosciuszko, were mentioned and continuously quoted in this paper.
Simultaneously, the Editors of Free Poland accused the c circle of emigrees
and the officials in London * of being opposed to any active resistance
against the German occupation forces in Poland, and finally concluded:
" they have no right to speak in the name of Poland."
There was one utterance not unexpected in the claims of this  Soviet
Union of Polish Patriots * (an utterance which was repeated by the Soviet
Russian Press), namely, that they desired a c democratic * programme in
only one half of Poland, since the other half, according to the c Union,'
should belong to Russia. In other words, these 6 Polish Patriots * were
recognising the Rifabentrop-Molotov Line of September 28, 1939, as
Poland's Eastern frontier. " We do not demand/' Wasilewska wrote,
" an inch of Ukrainian, White Ruthenian or Lithuanian soil." Exactly
the attitude which had been held for so long by the Polish people,- who
had not asked for Kiev, Minsk or Kaunas, and had considered that the
first should belong to a free Ukraine, the second to a free White Ruthenia,
and the third to a free Lithuania.
On June 18, 1943, the * Patriots * arranged a Congress in Moscow, in
which, as the Soviet radio stated, "the Polish workers, peasants and
guerillas were taking part." How these e Polish guerillas * had been
brought into Russia to participate in this Congress, the Moscow radio
did not care to explain,, but it stated that the object of the Congress " was
to* mark the unity of the Poles with Soviet Russia and to strengthen
relations between the two nations." The ' Congress * acclaimed the
programme which had already been presented in Wolna Pokka (Free
Poland), and expressed the * demand* that after the war Poland should
receive new territories on the West. The whole of Upper Silesia should
be included, and the " mouth of the Vistula, Danzig, must be returned
into Polish hands." " East Prussia will never be a bastion of German
imperialism, nor will there be a wall separating us from the Baltic. East
Prussia must become Poland's outlet to the sea." Three times this
Congress repeated in its declaration that the main aim of the * Union'
** is everlasting friendship between the Polish people and the U.S.S.R."
and concluded by despatching a thanksgiving telegram to Stalin, who,
** in spite of obstacles and the efforts of enemies, together with the Soviet
GovemiBmtj was maintaining friendly relations with those fighting for
the freedom of the Polish people and to the restoration, as the outcome
of the war? of a free, independent and a strong Poland."